Sunday, August 14, 2005

Goddess - Isis

Isis is a goddess of Egyptian mythos who is known as a mother goddess, goddess of magic, and the protector of the dead. She is the most powerful of the Egyptian gods, as she was able to trick Re into revealing his secret name, which contained the power of life and death when said out loud. Outside of Egypt, she had maintained the most universal appeal; Greco-Roman culture was captivated with Isis, calling her Stella Maris or the star of the sea. She is represented in the sky by the North Star.

Isis appears in Egyptian artwork frequently. She is usually presented in human form, nursing her infant son, Horus, or with a crown of cow horns encircling a sun disc because of her association with the cow goddess, Hathor. She is depicted on the walls of her temples with her arms outstretched to protect the dead. Also common, Isis is shown in whole or part as a hawk.

Isis is the daughter of twin gods, Nut and Geb. She married her brother, Osiris, who was later killed by their jealous brother, Seth. Goddesses that she is identified with are Astarte, Aphrodite, Juno, and Io.

Her sanctuaries were built on the island of Delos and at Pompeii. Other known centers of worship were Giza, Behbeit el-Hagar in the Nile delta, Thebes, and Dendara. Known period of worship was circa 2700 BCE until about 400 CE. There are debates of Isis worship influencing the portrayal of the Virgin Mary, who was also known as Stella Maris.

Here are some links about Isis. "Queen of Heaven" is an attempt to prove that Christianity is the best religion, but still has some good information and ideas, so I have included it.

Egypt Monthly
"Queen of Heaven"
The White Goddess

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