Saturday, June 11, 2005

Denominations of Wicca

Here are a few common denominations that you will see mentioned. I have mentioned the history, the founder, and a few beliefs where I can. Of course, these are not the only ones out there, just ones that I have seen mentioned often. If you are involved with another Wiccan Tradition, please leave a message in the comments section at the end of this post.

Alexandrian Tradition – Founded by Alex Sanders in England. Basically Gardnerian Wicca with many Judeo-Christian and Ceremonial Magick elements. This group works skyclad (naked).

American Celtic Wicca – Founded by Jessica Bell, aka Lady Sheba. Again, basically the same as Gardnerian, but they perform their rituals robed. They prefer couples, and also prefer the couples to be husband and wife. Ceremonial Magick is in the primary workings of this tradition.

Asatru Tradition- Asatru is a Norse word meaning 'belief in the Gods'. This tradition is very ancient with its roots in the historical agricultural Vanir and warrior Aesir tribes of Scandinavia and northern Germany. The main deities are the Goddesses Freya, Frigg, and the Norns while the main Gods are Odin, Thor, and Frey.

Dianic Wicca – Founded by Ann Forfreedom. This group encourages female leadership although they are quick to point out that both male and female practitioners are welcome. They worship the Goddess, Diana, who is their main deity.

Eclectic Wicca – Basically a loosely based tradition which uses any practices of other paths and incorporates them into their own path. This seems to be the most popular choice among today’s Wiccan. Followers use what works best for them regardless of its source.

Gardnerian Wicca – Founded by Gerald Gardner in the 1950’s. Today, many traditions base theirs on Gardnerian Wicca. Since I’ve already talked about this one, I won’t go any further to explain it.

Georgian Wicca - An eclectic Wicca tradition founded by George E. Patterson in 1970. This tradition is influenced mostly by Alexandrian and Gardnerian teachings and leans towards Goddess and God worship at an eclectic level. Individuals work either skyclad or robed and are encouraged to write their own rituals.

Kitchen Witch - Witches who practice around the home and hearth, and incorporate Magick and religion into daily life around cooking, weaving, etc. I had to laugh about this one, even though I had heard about it before.

Seax-Wica Tradition - Founded in 1973 by Raymond Buckland, this tradition incorporates Saxon lore. Covens have co-ed rituals and are either performed robed or skyclad. Buckland states that that it doesn’t try to be a recreation of the original Saxon religion.

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